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小学阶段时态的总结
黄丽丽

            一般现在时:表示现在存在的状态或习惯性的动作或经常进行的动作

      句式:主语+动词(第三人称单数时在动词词尾加s)

           I go to school by bike every day.

           He often does his homework in the evening.

           Lily lives in China.

           He likes to play basketball.

现在正在进行时:表示说话时或现在正在进行的动作

      句式:主语+be动词+动词ing

           I am reading.

           Ping Ping is swimming in the pool.

           He is cooking in the kitchen.

一般将来时:表示将要发生的动作或存在的状态.

      句式:主语+will/shall+动词原形

           主语+be going to+动词原形(或地点)

           I am going to school by bus tomorrow.

           He is going to play basketball.

           I will go home with my friends.

           She will play the paino.

一般过去时:表示过去某事或过去习惯性发生的动作或存在的状态

     句式:主语+动词过去式

           I went to school on foot yesterday.

           Lily taught me to play ping-pong yesterday.

 

 

动词形式的变化:

1、单三形式    一般情况下加s;以不发音e结尾的直接加s;以辅音+y结尾的,去y加ies;以辅音+o结尾的加es;以s\x\ch\sh结尾的,加es

         work---works ;  look---looks ; live---lives; cry---cries; go---goes;    do---does    watch---watches; catch---catches

 

2、规则动词过去式     一般情况下加ed;以不发音的e结尾的直接加d;以辅音+y结尾的,去y加ied末尾只有一个辅音字母的重读闭音节双写最后一个辅音字母加ed

        work---worked;  like--liked; stop---stopped  ; cry---cried  

   现阶段不规则动词的过去式   catch---caught; teach---taught; think---thought;buy---bought; throw---threw;hit---hit; hurt---hurt; win---won; lose---lost; do---did; go---went; is\am---was; are---were;put---put;

3、现在分词    一般情况下加ing;以不发音的e结尾的,去e加ing;末尾只有一个辅音字母的重读闭音节双写最后一个辅音字母加ing

        work---working; cry---crying; go---going; wash---washing; like---liking  live---living; stop---stopping; swim---swimming put---putting

 

陈述句变一般疑问句:  在句中找be动词和情态动词,(1)当有be动词或情态动词时,将be动词或情态动词提前,放置句首,句子的其他成分顺序不变照抄,该大写的大写,该小写的小写,第一人称变第二人称,句号变问号;(2)当没有be动词或情态动词时,用Do\Does(过去时用Did)提问,原句照抄,该大写的大写,该小写的小写,第一人称变第二人称,句中动词变回原形,句号变问号。

             It is a cat.---->Is it a cat?

             I am a pupil.---->Are you a pupil?

             I like apples.----->Do you like apples?

             He lives in China.-----> Does he live in China?

对划线部分提问(特殊疑问句)  先确定特殊疑问词,然后照抄一般疑问句。

  规律:特殊疑问词放句首,谓语、主语随其后,划线部分不再有,句尾问号不能丢。

   问姓名时:用    What's ...name?

   问年龄时:用    How old...?

   问健康时:用    How...?

   问职业时:用    What...do/What is...?

   问身高时:用    How tall...?

   问外貌时:用    What...look like?

   问爱好时:用    What's...favourite...?

   问嗜好时:用    What's....hobby?

   问颜色时:用    What colour...?

   问“谁”时:用  Who...?

   问“谁的”:用  Whose...?该特殊疑问词后应紧接原划线部分后的名词

   问“哪个”:用  Which...?

   问“事、物、动作”用  What...?对动作提问时,用do的适当形式补齐

   问“天气”:用  What...the weather  like...?   ;How...the weather...?

   问“时间”:用  When...?   ;What time...?

   问“时间段”用  How long...?

   问“频率”:用  How often...?

   问“地点”:用  Where...?

   问“数量”:用  How much+不可数名词...?/// How many+可数名词复数...?

   问“距离”:用  How far...?

   问“价钱”:用  How much...?

   问“乘坐何种交通工具”提问:用   How...?

 

 

数词:基变序,有规律。一、二、三,特殊记。first;second和third,八去t,九去e,f来ve把替。最后再把th加      20---90整十数更好记,去掉y变成ie,最后再把th加

 1---20基数词有:one; two; three; four; five; six; seven; eight; nine; ten; eleven; twelve; thirteen; fourteen; fifteen; sixteen; seventeen; eighteen; nineteen; twenty

 对应的序数词有first; second; third; fourth; fifth; sixth; seventh; eighth; ninth; tenth; eleventh; twelfth; thirteenth; fourteenth; fifteenth; sixteenth; seventeenth; eighteenth; nineteenth; twentieth

 

一年四季要分清,十二个月更要牢记:冬季是winter 包括November; December和January;春季是spring 包括February; March和April; 夏季是summer 包括May;June和July; 秋季是fall 包括August;September和October.

天气变化不可少,具体如何要记牢:sunny晴朗的  ,cloudy多云的  , rainy下雨的  ,windy有风的  ,snowy下雪的

一周七天是肯定,顺序记忆少不了:星期天Sunday,  星期一Monday,  星期二tuesday  星期三Wednsday  星期四Thursday 星期五Friday  星期六Saturday

 

 

 

  

一、按要求改写单词:

 

1. she________(宾格)    2. country_________(复数)   3. close__________(现在分词)

 

4. three________(序数词) 5. China__________(形容词)  6. I _______ (名词性物主代词)

 

7. paper ______(复数)   8. swim ________(现在分词)  9.photo________(复数)

 

10.mouse_______(复数)  11.mango________(复数)      12.make________(现在分词)

 

二、选择题:

 

( ) (1). I get up _______ about seven fifty -five .

 

A. in B. on C. at D. for

 

( ) (2). Why are you looking at _______like that?

 

A. I B. mine C. my D. me

 

( ) (3). I want _______ a map of China .

 

A. buy B. is buying C. to buy D. am buying

 

( ) (4). Is it a picture ______ your school ?

 

A. of B. to C. and D. with

 

( ) (5). Do you like _______ ?

 

A. swim B. swimming C. are swimming D. swim, too

 

( ) (6). The man ______ a book in his hand is my uncle .

 

A. and B. of C. with D. for

 

( ) (7). Who’s the lady ______ blue ?

 

A. in B. on C. at D. with

 

( ) (8). We usually stay _____ home ____ Saturday afternoon .

 

A. at…in B. at…on C. in…at D. on…on

 

( ) (9). A: It’s a white shirt , is it yours ? B: No, ____ is yellow .

 

A. I B. My C. Mine D. Me

 

( ) (10). ______ any men in the room ?

 

A. Is there B. Are there C. There aren’t D. There isn’t

 

( ) (11). The bed ______ the right is yours .

 

A. on B. in C. at D. of

 

( ) (12). Look at _______ picture .

 

A. one B. the one C. first D. the first

 

( ) (13). These books are my _______ .

 

A. students B. students’s C. students’ D. students of

 

( ) (14). My parents often tell me ______ your family .

 

A. about B. from C. for D. by

 

( ) (15). ______ any food in the fridge ?

 

A. Are there B. Is there C. Have D. Has

 

三、按要求改写句子,注意每条横线只填一个单词:

 

1. The children like the ball . (改为一般疑问句)

 

______ the children ________ the ball ?

2. Are these your pens ? (不改变原句意思,改写句子)

 

Are these ______ _________ ?

 

3. Please put the clothes here .(改为否定句)

 

________ put the clothes here, ________ .

 

4. They get up at six thirty .(就划线部分提问)

 

What _______ _________ they get up ?

 

四、联词成句:

 

1. the, read, in, don't, sun, please _________________________________

 

 

2. sisters, brothers, you, any, or, got, have? _________________________________

 

3. black, all, like, I, at, don’t _________________________________

 

4. can, do, I, for, what, you? _________________________________

 

5. drink, like, something, you, to, would? __________________________________

 

五、用所给的动词的适当形式填空:

 

1 . Look ! My sister _________ ( play ) with the toy cars .

 

2 . I _______ ( get ) up at 6:30 every morning .

 

3 . Do they like ________ (swim) ?

 

4 . Tom’s mother _______ (have) a nice jacket .

 

5 . Can you _______ (make ) a paper plane for me ?

 

读短文回答问题

      Early in the morning Mr.Smith is cutting the grass in the yard.Mr. Green comes and helps him.Mr. Smith is very happy and he asks Mr. Green ,"Do you often help people cut grass?""No!""So why do you get up and help me?"Mr. Green says,"I help you cut the grass so that I can go back to sleep again."

 

 

         What is Mr.Smith doing early in the morning?

 

 

         Who comes out and helps him?

 

 

         Is Mr. Smith very happy?

 

 

          What does he say?

 

 

          What does Mr.Green answer?

 

 

          Why does Mr. Green want to help Mr.Smith

 

 

 

三、读单词,判断每组单词划线部分的读音是否相同,相同的用√,不同的用×表示在括号中(5分)

 

  1.small  morning (  )      2.cloudy  down (  ) 

 

  3. house  mouse   (   )      4.meat   bread(   )  

 

  5.room  cool     (    )

 五、选词填空(9分)

 

    1.Yesterday they (have, had)lunch (at, on)12:30 (of, in)their school.

 

    2.She (will, does)have to stay (in, at)home and (look, like)after her grandma, because she is ill.

 

    3.We (see, saw)a lot of new houses (on, in)our way (to, from)Shunyi.

 

六、联词造句(5分)

 

    1.the, have, take, good, a, medicine, and,rest .

 

 

    2.to, Zhong, Shan, Park, get, I, can, how .

 

 

    3.help, me my, could, lessons, you, with .

 

 

    4.yesterday, where, they, did, go .

 

 

    5.came, at, to, we, last, school, night, nine .

 

 

 

七、选择正确的答语(7分)

 

    (  )1.Could you post the letter for me?         A.Yes, I did.

 

    (  )2.Would you like to have a trip with her?   B.I've got a toothache.

 

    (  )3.Did you enjoy the concert?                C.You're welcome.

 

    (  )4.What's the matter with you, Jim?          D.We had a picnic in the park.

 

    (  )5.When shall we start?                      E.Yes, I'd love to.

 

    (  )6.What did you do last Friday?              F.With pleasure.

 

    (  )7.Thank you very much.                      G.At 6 tomorrow moring.

     

六年级1

 

一、写出相应的单词

I(名词性物主代词)_______     go(过去式)________     teach(现在分词)__________ (过去式) _________  win(反义词)_______   shop(现在分词)_______   couch(复数)__________    be(单三形式)________  tomato(复数)________ play(单三形式)________live(现在分词)________ knife(复数) _________look(现在分词——___________

  

二、用所给单词的适当形式填空

My favourite _______(sport) is soccer.

look!Danny ___________(catch)the basketball.

Danny ______(hit)his hand.

Do you like _________(this) runners?

Li Ming _________(buy)a pair of runners yesterday.

Lily ________(like) play basketball.

__________(Jenny) pencil is  yellow.

_______(a) orange player catches the ball.

What can he _______(see)?

My father is a police_________(office).

Lily ________(want)apples.

 

三、选择正确的答案

My sister is _______than Lily.

    A. young    B. younger   C. old     D. the  younger

Is it a cat _____ a dog?

    A. and      B. to        C. or      D. too

What colour ________ Li Ming like?

    A. do       B. does      C. is      D. are going to

Danny ________a ball.

    A.play      B. is playing   C. playing    D. plaing

The children all work  ______ at school.

    A. hard     B. hardly       C. easy       D. easily

Do you have fun _____ Sunday?     Yes, I do .

    A. in       B. on      C. at      D. up

Li Ming teaches me ______ the ball.

    A. hit      B. hits     C. hitting    D. to hit

Let's ask him ______ some help.

    A. to       B. at       C. on         D. for

I can  put  the ball_______ the net.

    A. out      B. on       C. in         D. at

The score of game is thirty_______thirty.

    A. to       B. on       C. at         D. and

四、句型转换

Do you like this pen?(that  pen变选择疑问句)

 

 

Li Ming plays the basketball on the playground.(变为现在正在进行时)

 

 

Danny throws the ball.(变一般将来时)

 

 

He wants to go shopping with me.(变为否定句)

 

 

I went to the gym this evening.(变为一般疑问句)

 

 

This man is my father.(对划线部分提问)

 

 

Bob's team played a game.(变为一般疑问句)

 

 

She like to swim in a poll. (对划线部分提问)

 

 

五、连词成句

do   the  what did the  boy in  room?

 

 

Li Ming  there arrives  7:00 at

 

 

need balls we ping-pong some

 

 

you   some  would  tea  like?

 

ready ping-pong to I'm learn.

 

 

七、阅读理解

 

       My name is Sally. I'm 9 years old.I often go to the park with my friends. We often go there by bus.We often play badminton in the park.It's my favourite game. Many people are in the park ,too. Some are reading. Some are dancing.Some children are playing games. Some young men are riding bikes. We  are very happy.

 

    Name:__________   Age:_________

    Her favourite game:_____________

    What are people doing in the park?

    Some__________________. Some___________________.

    What are some children doing?

    Some children______________________.

    What are some young men doing?

    Some young men ____________________.

 

 

一、写出下列单词

哪里          ----(同音词)          dish(复数)          bus(复数)          健康的             分钟           hour (同音词)        there(对应词)           slow(副词)           天空         I(名词性物主代词)      

 

二、用所给单词的适当形式填空。

1.  My favourite            (sport) are soccer and basketball.

2.  I often wear ___________(run)  to play soccer.

3.  he ________(like)play ping-pong.

4.  I am ________(throw)the basketball.

5.  Yesterday, we ______(go) to the store.

6.  Bob is  ________(Jenny) brother.

7.  What is Li Ming ________(do) now?

8.  Where  ______you   _____(go)tomorrow ?

三、 写出相应的单词。

1.写出下列单词的过去式

hit---           teach---             catch---             think---          are---           buy---              lose---              win---              do---            go---               play---              have---

 

2、写出下列单词的现在分词。

hit---              have---               play---               sing---       do---              sit---                 swim---               look---       read---            go---                  put---                stand---

 

3、 写出下列单词的单三形式

hit---           teach---             catch---             think---          are---           buy---                        want---          do---            go---               play---              have---         get---

 

四、选择正确答案

1。(  )Ping-pong_______ my favourite  sport.

        A. be    B. is   C. am      D. are

2.  (  ) I can _____ some runners and a T-shirt.

        A. buys    B. buy    C. bought    D. buying

3.  (  )I like   basketball ________.

        A. be     B. good     C. better    D. best

4.  (  )Can you  ________me to play basketball?

        A. teaches     B. teach    C. teachjing     D. taught

5.   (  )I _______ have a T-shirt .

        A. not        B. don't     C. doesn't      D. am  not

五、句型转换

I play badminton and ping-pong.(变否定句)

 

 

The T- shirt is red.(复数句)

 

 

He likes to play football.对划线部分提问

 

 

There are three books on the table.(对划线部分提问)

 

 

I have an eraser.(变为否定句)

 

 

We can buy some ping-pong balls.(用He代替We变为一般疑问句)

 

 

I always wear a T-shirt.(变为复数句)

 

 

Jenny is my sister.(对划线部分提问)

 

 

Ping-pong is my favourite sport.(同义句转换)

 

 

This is my book.(对划线部分提问)

 

 

六、连词成句。

can,  some,  in,  we,  buy,  the,  store,  food

 

 

go,  store,   let's  to  the

 

 

is your   what  favourite    food? 

 

 

do   have    ball   you    ping-pong

 

 

don't   like   I    simming.

 

do  like  runners   you   these    those   runners    or   ?

 、根据实际情况回答问题。

How old are  you?

 

 

What's the weather like today?

 

 

What's your favourite  sport?

 

 

What day is today?

 

Do you live in a house?

 

 

八、阅读理解

    Mr. Read is a teacher os English . He is not a young man ,but he is not old. He knows three or four languages()and speak and writes them well.He reads many books and writes some.

     It is eleven o'clock, but he works late sometimes till() one o'clock in the morning.   

    His desk is in the middle of the room. There are a lot of books on the floor near his desk. His students come to his study() for their lessons. They come every day but they don't come on  Saturday and Sunday.

  

 

  (  ) Mr. Read            .       (  )How old is Mr.Read?

     A.  is an English man.         A.  Twenty

     B.  teaches English.           B.  Fifty           (  )The students come to Mr. Read's study    

     C.  works in England.          C.  Sixty                         A. on Sunday

     D.  studying there.            D.  About thirty or forty         B. from Monday to Friday

                                                                      C. on Saturday

                                                                      D. every day

  (  )  Does he only know English    (  )Mr. Read often works         .

     A. Yes,but he speaks well.     A. very late

     B. Yes, he does.               B. at eleven o'clock

     C. No, he doesn't.             C. on Sunday

     D. No, but many.               D. on Saturday


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 · 《角的度量》教学反思 [23137]
 · 无污染的世界 [16457]
 · 主题队会 [15018]
 · 小学阶段时态的总结 [14055]
 
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